WHAT ARE THE COMMON FORMS OF GUM DISEASE?
The most common forms of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is inflammation that affects only the gums, causing redness, swelling and tenderness. It is reversible though, but may lead to periodontitis if left untreated.
Periodontitis is a severe and irreversible form of gum disease, causing deep inflammation of the gums that affects the bone. If left untreated, it may destroy the attachment that holds the tooth to the bone, leaving a ‘pocket’ where bacteria can collect.
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OF GUM DISEASE?
- Bleeding gums
- Bad breath or bad taste in the mouth
- Redness / Swelling
- Receding gums
- Sensitive teeth
- Loose teeth
Treatment will be completed over 2 to 4 appointments. Regular reviews and hygiene appointments are also required to maintain optimal oral health.
Average cost is $250-$350 per appointment
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF TREATMENT?
There are different treatments for gum disease, including:
Scaling: Involves scraping the plaque and tartar away from above the gum line
Curettage and Root Planing: Scraping away plaque and tartar build up from the infected area below the gum line.
Flap surgery: The dentist will lift the gums away and remove the tartar as needed. The dentist will then sew the gums back into position so that the tissue fits firmly around the teeth.
Bone Grafts: If your bone has been damaged due to periodontitis, bone grafts may be used to replace it.
Soft Tissue Grafts: Used to fill gaps where gums have receded or to strengthen the gums. Grafted tissue is generally removed from the roof of the mouth and stitched over the affected area.
Medications: Assist in killing the bacteria causing gum disease. Courses of antibiotics are often recommended whilst undergoing periodontal treatment.
ASK YOUR INEEDA DENTIST
About preventative care: request that your dentist demonstrates the best methods of cleaning your teeth and gums to remove dental plaque and prevent gum disease.